Wildfire Preparedness

Wildfire Preparedness

Wildfires are unplanned fires that burn in natural areas like forests, grasslands or prairies. These dangerous fires spread quickly and can devastate not only wildfire and natural areas, but also communities. Know your risk, protect your home and plan your supplies and evacuation route. Texans can also follow the GLO for updates on social media (TwitterInstagramMediumFacebook, and YouTube).


Be Prepared, Stay Prepared

Know Your Risk

  • Texas Wildfire Public Viewer here
  • Sign up for your community’s emergency warning system
  • Adhere to community burn bans
  • Potential wildfire risk for your area can be tracked
  • Pay attention to local alerts
  • Pay attention to air quality alerts.
  • Check social media for updates from Texas A&M Forest Service (Twitter, Facebook)

Preparing for Wildfire Season

  • Be cautious when carrying flammable or combustible household products that can cause fires or explosions if handled wrong, such as aerosols, cooking oils, rubbing alcohol and hand sanitizer.
  • If available, store an N95 mask to protect yourself from smoke inhalation.
  • Keep your cell phone charged when wildfires could be in your area. Purchase backup charging devices to power electronics.

Personal Safety

In your "go kit" include items like hand sanitizer, face masks, wipes, and liquid soap.

Secure Documents - Remember to secure copies of important personal documents. Filing for government assistance requires documentation. Be sure to keep documents in a secure location and take them with you if you need to evacuate.

Protect Your Property

  • Use fire-resistant materials to build, renovate or make repairs.
  • Find an outdoor water source with a hose that can reach any area of your property.
  • Create a fire-resistant zone that is free of leaves, debris or flammable materials for at least 30 feet from your home.
  • Designate a room that can be closed off from outside air. Close all doors and windows. Set up a portable air cleaner to keep indoor pollution levels low when smoky conditions exist.

Make Your Evacuation Plan

Be familiar with the route and shelter locations. Discuss and practice drills for your evacuation plan with your family each year.

  • You may have to evacuate quickly due to a wildfire. Learn your evacuation routes, practice with household, and identify where you will go.
  • Follow the instructions from local authorities. They will provide the latest recommendations based on the threat to your community and appropriate safety measures.


  • Pay attention to emergency alerts and notifications for information and instructions.
  • Evacuate immediately if authorities tell you to do so!
    • Check with local authorities for the latest information about public shelters or check open locations on the FEMA app. You can also download the free Red Cross Emergency app for a list of open Red Cross shelters in your area.
    • Consider making plans with friends or family to shelter with them where you may be safer and more comfortable.
  • If trapped, call 9-1-1 and give your location, but be aware that emergency response could be delayed or impossible. Turn on lights to help rescuers find you.
  • Use an N95 mask to protect yourself from smoke inhalation or limit your exposure to smoke by doing the following:
    • Choose a room to close off from outside air and set up a portable air cleaner or filter to keep the air in this room clean even when it’s smoky in the rest of the building and outdoors.
    • Use high efficiency filters in your central air conditioning system to capture fine particles from smoke. If your system has fresh air intake, set the system to “recirculate” mode and close the outdoor intake damper.
    • If you are not ordered to evacuate but smoky conditions exist, stay inside in a safe location or go to a community building where smoke levels are lower.
  • If you are sick and need medical attention, contact your healthcare provider for further care instructions and shelter in place, if possible.


  • Do not return home until authorities say it is safe to do so.
  • Avoid hot ash, charred trees, smoldering debris and live embers. The ground may contain heat pockets that can burn you or spark another fire.
  • When cleaning, wear protective clothing – including a long-sleeved shirt, long pants, work gloves and sturdy thick-soled shoes – during clean-up efforts.
  • Use a respirator to limit your exposure, and wet debris to minimize breathing dust particles. People with asthma, COPD and/or other lung conditions should take precautions in areas with poor air quality, as it can worsen symptoms.
  • Document property damage with photographs. Conduct an inventory and contact your insurance company for assistance.
  • Send text messages or use social media to reach out to family and friends. Phone systems are often busy following a disaster. Make calls only in emergencies.