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CDBG-DR Overview

HUD provides flexible grants to help cities, counties, and States recover from Presidentially declared disasters, especially in low-income areas, subject to availability of supplemental appropriations.

Community Development Block Grant - Disaster Recovery (CDBG-DR)

In response to presidentially declared disasters, Congress may appropriate additional funding for the Community Development Block Grant (CDBG) Program as Disaster Recovery grants to rebuild the affected areas and provide crucial seed money to start the recovery process. Since CDBG Disaster Recovery (CDBG-DR) assistance may fund a broad range of recovery activities, HUD can help communities and neighborhoods that otherwise might not recover due to limited resources. Disaster Recovery grants often supplement disaster programs of FEMA, the Small Business Administration, and the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. In addition, HOME Disaster Recovery grants can provide an important resource for providing affordable housing to disaster victims.

CDBG-DR funds are made available to states, units of general local governments, Indian tribes, and insular areas designated by the President of the United States as disaster areas. These communities must have significant unmet recovery needs and the capacity to carry out a disaster recovery program (usually these are governments that already receive HOME or CDBG allocations). At times, supplemental appropriations restrict funding solely to states rather than the local cities and/or counties.

State Action Plan

The State Action Plan is a requirement under the Community Development Block Grant-Disaster Recovery Program for the distribution of CBDG-DR grant funds. The GLO is the responsible entity for publishing the State Action Plan in accordance with requirements provided in the Federal Register (FR) by HUD.

 The State Action Plan consists of the following components:

  • A needs assessment detailing event impact and remaining unmet needs
  • Allocation of funds, eligible activities and how the uses address long-term recovery needs to include housing, infrastructure, planning and economic revitalization
  • Determination of eligible applicants
  • Public participation component consisting of an open comment period

Method of Distribution (MOD)

As part of the State Action Plan, the GLO is responsible for determining Method of Distribution of funds to units of general local government (UGLG) and/or descriptions of specific programs or activities the State will carry out directly. The MOD provides for grant size limits and how funds will be allocated to eligible counties and may include formula allocations and / or a competition component. 

Harvey Regional Methods of Distribution

The GLO is partnered with the University of Texas at Austin to develop the regional Method of Distributions (MOD) for housing (Homeowner Assistance Program and Local Buyout/Acquisition Program) and infrastructure. The MOD for these allocations used census data, FEMA Individual Assistance data, FEMA Public Assistance data, the Social Vulnerability Index (SoVI), and impact of Hurricane Harvey to distribute funds. In both housing and infrastructure, the MOD establishes a balance between the total unmet need, the ability to recover, and the relative population of impacted areas.

HUD CDBG-DR Overviews

Supplemental Appropriations and Federal Register Notices

HUD Reports

The GLO is committed to transparency and provides updated reports as required by HUD. This section includes links to required HUD Disaster Recovery Grant Reporting System (DRGR) quarterly progress reports (QPRs).

Subrecipients

A Subrecipient is a partner in recovery and may be an entity, typically a municipality, council of government, quasi-governmental entity, or other state agency participating and implementing a disaster recovery housing program.  Subrecipients are responsible for ensuring compliance with applicable federal, uniform administrative, and program income requirements imposed on the user of disaster recovery funds. 

Procurement

Community Development Block Grant Disaster Recovery (CDBG-DR) grantees and subrecipients procuring goods and services with grant funding must ensure that they follow program procurement statutory and regulatory requirements. The urgency in post-disaster recoveries requires communities to work quickly to restore infrastructure, public services, and help private companies and citizens make repairs. However, if CDBG-DR procurement policies are not followed, they may be required to repay Federal funds.

HUD Disaster FAQ’s

Stafford Act

What is the Stafford Act?

The Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act, 42 U.S.C. §§ 5121-5206 (Stafford Act), as amended, defines certain Federal response and recovery assistance available after major disasters, and sets the conditions for obtaining that assistance. The law established the process by which States and Tribes may request and obtain a Presidential Disaster Declaration (PDD). To receive a declaration requires both the county and state to experience damages that exceed stated per capita thresholds. If a PDD is issued, FEMA is tasked with coordinating the Federal response. This entails the appointment of a Federal Coordinating Officer and a Joint Field Office (JFO), from which Federal response and recovery operations are coordinated. FEMA has authority to issue Mission Assignments (MA) to partner Federal agencies as part of the response and recovery coordination effort. Note that the Stafford Act operates in addition to HUD’s existing authorities.

Applicable Laws and Regulations